New Dumfries History Tour Marks Scotlands Last Public Hanging

Scotlands Last Public Hanging
Mostly Ghostly with Robert Smith's Death Mask by Allan Devlin

Dumfries is an historically important town that can boast its fair share of grim and gruesome claims… This Saturday, 12th May marks the 150th anniversary of the last public execution in Scotland. Robert Colvin Smith was hanged for murder at the old Buccleuch Street Prison, ensuring his place in the annals of Scottish criminal history. Award-winning local tour guides – Mostly Ghostly – have created a new history tour focusing on this landmark case. Deadly Dumfries will document Smith’s story and how it left a dark imprint on our town.

Team Founder Kathleen Cronie tells DGWGO Entertainment News about the tour:

We’ve been intrigued by Robert Smith’s case for many years. I remember as a child seeing his death mask at Dumfries Museum and that image never left me. Given our fascination with the darker side of history and also the significance of the case, we wanted to create a tour revealing the story behind The Annandale Murder.”
Site of Old Prison & Execution Site

It was just after 8am on Tuesday, 12th May 1868 when Robert Smith met his maker in front of around 600 onlookers. The subdued group were mainly made up of women and young people from the mill. Some horrid shrieks erupted when Smith took his place on the scaffold, but generally, the crowd conducted themselves with great dignity.

Site of Buccleuch Street Prison

Robert Smith, a nineteen-year-old farm labourer from Eaglesfield, murdered Thomasina Scott near the village of Cummertrees. Thomasina, who was only nine at the time, had been running an errand for her mother and had taken shelter from the rain at the house of Mrs Jane Crichton. It was there she encountered Robert Smith, who offered to accompany her on the road to Annan. The last person to see Thomasina was a witness named Thomson who identified her walking near the murder scene. Smith robbed the child, before raping and strangling her in the Croftshead Wood. He then tried to murder Mrs Crichton, frightened she could implicate him in the attack.

After that, Smith didn’t attempt to hide his tracks. The police found him at a lodging house in Dumfries and from there he was arrested, tried and found guilty. Smith admitted his crimes in full and given their severity, he was sentenced to death by public execution. Smith kept a calm demeanour throughout most of his imprisonment, finding solace in religious studies and making his peace with God.

Kathleen Cronie said:

“I don’t think any of us can imagine facing a crowd of people awaiting our deaths: the formalities prior to the act, meeting your own executioner and catching the first glimpse of the dreaded gallows. Robert Smith however, seemed to accept his fate and was ready to meet it.”

A Bill was being passed in Parliament to end the spectacle of public hangings and some efforts were made for Robert Smith to be hanged in private, however it was found to be impossible.

On the day of the execution, hangman Thomas Askern, courting publicity in a white vest, assisted Smith to the fatal drop. Before drawing the bolt, Askern had to make some last-minute adjustments, adding to the day’s tensions. Even then, death was by no means swift. Due to a misplaced rope, Smith’s convulsions, thankfully screened from view, continued for nine minutes before death released him.

Between 1807 and 1868, Smith and seven others met their fates at the old Buccleuch Street prison and some of these grim events will be explored on the new tour.

Kathleen tells us more:

“Guests can look forward to a collection of real-life stories of crime and justice. They will visit interesting locations around Dumfries and learn of a jealousy-fuelled murder in an old close, the cold-blooded murder of a pedlar boy and the gut-wrenching account of a double execution. We never forget that real people were affected by these ghastly events and each story will be told with sensitivity and respect.”

Team Member John Hill added:

“In addition to the new Deadly Dumfries tour, we’re giving a talk on Robert Smith’s crime and execution at Annan Museum, part of the Festival of Museums programme. Research into Smith’s case has been ongoing with visits to the National Records Office in Edinburgh, Dumfries Ewart Library and of course, Dumfries Museum. We’ve gathered a wealth of information, which we look forward to sharing with guests. It will be interesting to gauge their views on the case.”
Summing up, Kathleen said:
“We feel very proud to be working with Dumfries Museum and for the first two tours, guests will have a chance to come to the museum afterwards to view artefacts. This new venture covers a very unique event in our region and through our passion for storytelling, we aim to encourage visitors to learn more about the town’s dark past.”

For Ticket info on all tours from Mostly Ghostly – mostlyghostly@hotmail.co.ukmostlyghostly.orgfacebook.com/mostlyghostlytours twitter.com/MostlyGhostly_

  • Contact Info: Dumfries Museum – Fiona Wilson, 01387 253374
  • Deadly Dumfries tours take place on Friday 11th May and Saturday 12th May at 7pm. Meeting place: St Michael’s Churchyard. Tickets from Midsteeple Box Office. Festival of Museums talk takes place on Friday 18th May at Annan Museum at 6:30pm.

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